Once upon a time
Puppetry is a very ancient art form, probably first originating about 3,000 years ago.
Puppets have been used since earliest times to bring to life and communicate the ideas and needs of human societies.
In 1810, Heinrich von Kleist wrote an essay “On the Marionette Theatre”, admiring the “lack of self-consciousness” of the puppet. From early in the 19th century, puppetry began to inspire artists from the “high-art” traditions.
In the 20 century
In the beginning of 20 century the puppet theatre start to develop because of the belief that has a folk roots, and was popular for the kids, could be popular to adult audience and to reinvigorate the traditions of actor’s theatre. There were also productions which combined puppets with masks, and masked performers, in a minimalist stage, creating a new world of theatre. Through the 20 century, puppetry developed parallel with cinema, television and other media.
Puppets continue to be used on life performances and television, because it was as an ideal way to present moral messages to children. Puppets have a role in therapy of traumatized children, to win their fears.
There are regional puppets with regional stories and different meanings for the people around different parts of the world, and today they are celebrating in the museums, and have they own history, history of puppets.
“A puppet is not an actor and a puppet theatre is not human theatre in miniature, because when an actor ‘represents’, a puppet’ is’.” David Currell
Today, in events named as a contemporary Puppet theatre, in plays or performances may even not include known puppets as rod, marionettes, or hands puppets. It is all depends of message which has to be sent to the audience, and of the age and social structures of audience.
Puppetry is also more known through the television, but it is still actual through the various forms of theatre, performances, from the one man show on the street to the spectaculars shows around the world. So, even we can say even puppetry today have some kind of “outsider“status between other arts, however it continues to be influential and to have exciting development through the contemporary theatre.