Joan Miro, Famous Spanish Surrealist Artist

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Joan Miro Joan Miro born in (1893) was a famous, Spanish Catalan artist. His birthplace was by the sea, the scenic seaside town had a big influence in his style and in his artworks. He was working on sculptures, paintings, and ceramic.

He joined the Joan Miro School of Industrial & Fine Arts in Barcelona, in 1910, and his instructors were Modest Urgell and Joseph Pasco. Later he worked with Fracsesc Gali, and he also studied at La Lonja School of Fine Arts in Barcelona. His first solo exhibition was in 1918, Dalmau Galleries, Barcelona.

Portrait of V. Nubiola - Joan Miro1917
Portrait of V. Nubiola,1917

Joan Miro, in his artworks that were made before the 1920s, focuses on a variety of influences, Roman Catholic influences came from folklore in the church and Catalan art which he was also exposed to from a young age. He is inspired by different art movements such as Fauvism, and Cubism.

Vegetable Garden and Donkey, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, 1918
Vegetable Garden and Donkey, 1918

In his visit to Paris, Joan Miro was exposed to many new forms and met new artists. It caused a change in his style because he was introduced to surrealist painting. He had his first solo exhibition in Paris in 1921.

The Farm (1921-22)
The Farm, (1921-22)

In 1928, he exhibited with a group of surrealist painters in Paris. It was obvious that even he took many influences in his work, he retained his own personal style, and distinct form in his art.

Dutch Interior I, 1928
Dutch Interior I, 1928

In the early 30s, Joan Miro started using a new form of artwork, he worked with many collages, and he was making surrealist sculptures. In this period, he experimented with many other art forms and mediums of expression, such as engraving, watercolors, lithographs, pastels, and he even worked with paint over coppers. There are 2 sculptures that are most famous from this period, and they are at the UNESCO in Paris, “The wall of the moon” and “The wall of the sun”.

The wall of the moon
The wall of the moon, The wall of the sun

Later he continued to work in various art forms, various mediums, and different types of work methods. In the next thirty years, much of his work was done to showcase his distinct style of art, and he has numerous individual and group exhibitions.

Composition - Joan Miro, 1933
Composition, 1933
The Nightingale's Song at Midnight and the Morning Rain - Joan Miro, 1940
The Nightingale’s Song at Midnight and the Morning Rain, 1940
Snob Party at the Princess's - 1944
Snob Party at the Princess’s, 1944

In the last period of his work, which began from the end of the 1960s, and lasted up until his death, he focused on doing public works of art, monumental pieces, created for the enjoyment by the public, and displayed them in distinct locations.

May 1968
May, 1968
WOMEN & BIRD IN THE NIGHT 1974
Women & bird in the night, 1974

In these years he took more of an interest in symbolism and focused more on the symbol and message that emerged from the final piece that was shown to the general public.

Dona i Ocell
Dona i Ocell
The Caress of the Bird
The Caress of the Bird

Joan Miro Foundation Center of Contemporary Arts was opened in 1976, in Barcelona. He was also named the Doctor Honoris Causa, in 1979, by the University of Barcelona, for his artwork and of his influence on art.

He has created a unique style that many followed years after his death in 1983, which made him one of the most famous Spanish artists.